Activists, some of whom gathered Wednesday to watch the Lee statue come down, praised the move, saying it was a step toward progress in the movement for racial equality.
The fight to get Confederate monuments removed has gained steam in recent years, with many civil rights activists saying the structures are racist and offensive because they honor Confederate leaders who promoted the enslavement of Black people.
Confederate monument supporters argue that the structures honor history and heritage.
Democratic Gov. Ralph Northam had announced plans to to remove the Lee statue last year, but it was delayed by a court battle with Richmond residents who sued, arguing that an 1890 deed and an 1889 General Assembly joint resolution prohibited the governor from directing the removal of a state monument from state property.
The Virginia Supreme Court recently ruled against the residents.
Northam said in a statement that Lee was the last standing Confederate statue on the historic avenue. Other Confederate statues on the street were previously removed in response to demonstrations there in the last year.
“The public monuments reflect the story we choose to tell about who we are as a people,” Northam said. “It is time to display history as history, and use the public memorials to honor the full and inclusive truth of who we are today and in the future.”
Lawrence West, founder of Black Lives Matter RVA, told CNN that it is “very satisfying, gratifying” to see the Lee statue gone in the former capital of the Confederacy.
“Robert E. Lee standing here on Monument Avenue is very symbolic to the Confederate mindset, you know the levels of oppression that people feel on a regular day-to-day basis,” West said. “With the coming down of the monument it is also a part of coming down with those types of ideals. It brings some closure to the conversation, ‘It’s OK to be racist’.”
“There’s all sorts of narratives that people need to pay attention to and actively challenge,” Cleveland said.
Here is a look at other Confederate monuments that have been removed since last year:
Charlottesville removed two Confederate statues
The City Council voted in June to take the statues down after a three-year court battle.
Monuments were removed in Georgia
The Lawrenceville monument had been vandalized at least twice last year. Officials placed it in storage until court proceedings were finished determining its fate.
The monument of Johnston was moved to the historic Huff House by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, which owns the statue.
Lee statue removed from US Capitol
The statue of Lee provided by Virginia was one of several statues around the Capitol depicting Confederate soldiers and officials. Its removal came after House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called for the removal of those statues.
Statues removed during 2020 uprisings
Some were toppled by protesters and officials opted not to reinstall them. Other statues were ordered removed by local officials and lawmakers who agreed with demonstrators that the structures were offensive. Among the statues taken down in the spring and summer of 2020 were:
- Gen. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson in Richmond.
- Politician John C. Calhoun in Charleston, South Carolina.
- A soldier known as Johnny Reb in Norfolk, Virginia.
- The John Breckinridge Castleman monument, a statue of a Confederate soldier in the heart of downtown Louisville, Kentucky.
- A 122-year-old statue and plaque that honored fallen Confederate soldiers in downtown Jacksonville, Florida.
- Edward Carmack, a former US senator and newspaper owner known for attacking civil rights advocates such as Ida B. Wells, in Nashville, Tennessee.
- A bronze statue of a Confederate soldier named “Appomattox” in Alexandria, Virginia.
- The Jefferson Davis statue in the Kentucky Capitol rotunda in Frankfort.
- Confederate Adm. Raphael Semmes in Mobile, Alabama.
CNN’s Melissa Alonso contributed to this report.